Aggressive Behavior Children
Are you worried about aggressive behavior children? Does a child you know exhibit aggressive behaviors. Do you want to learn more about aggression in children and how to help?
Aggressive children worry their parents and teachers. They disrupt lessons in school and hurt, intimidate and frighten other children. They may be argumentative and verbally aggressive. Aggressive behavior children may also have difficulty controlling their temper and are easily upset and annoyed by others. They are often defiant and may appear angry and resentful.
Unless we intervene to help these children, they are at risk of developing serious behavior disorders like Oppositional Defiant Disorder or Conduct Disorder. As their problems increase, their aggressive behaviors threaten the safety of other children. When the problems of aggressive behavior children escalate to this level, some are expelled or suspended from school. The protection of the other children and their teachers is the prime concern when this occurs.
Other children exhibit aggressive behaviors that are less extreme or problematic, but worrisome nonetheless. They may slap or poke other children or pinch them. Some children throw small objects or bang and break things when they are angry and upset. Others have temper tantrums and kick or scream.
Some children are verbally aggressive. They call other children names, they threaten and tease them or they use emotional control to victimize and push other children around. They might ostracize them and spread rumors about them.
Regardless of the level of aggression, it is important to intervene early to help aggressive behavior children. Aggressive children need to learn how to control their behaviors and manage anger and conflict without resorting to aggression. We need to teach them alternative ways to solve problems.
What Causes Aggression in Children?
Multiple factors interact to foster aggression in children. In some cases, for example, the interaction between the child’s temperament and/or a genetic predisposition and environmental influences (e.g. ineffective parenting or stress) increases a child’s reliance on aggression as a major coping strategy.
Some of the multiple factors that contribute to aggression in children include the following:
- Genetic and/or temperamental influences.
- Insecure or disorganized attachment patterns.
- Ongoing and unrelieved stress.
- Lack of appropriate problem solving and coping strategies.
- Limited experience with role models (e.g. peers, family members, TV. & computer games) who value and provide examples of non-aggressive behaviors.
- Ineffective parenting style: for example, authoritarian, controlling, harsh or coercive parenting style; permissive, overindulgent parenting style; rejecting parenting style; psychological problems in the parent such as depression or alcoholism.
- Poor fit between parent and child:Ineffective parenting could be an effect rather than a cause of the child’s behavior. Children’s problem behaviors may affect parents’ moods and parenting behaviors.
- Family stress, disruption and conflict.
Help Aggressive Behavior Children
The following suggestions can help you, help aggressive behavior children. Try those that apply to your situation.
Remember, behavior change takes time. It requires consistency and follow through.
Be on the look out for small changes. Small steps make a difference and will lead you and your child toward a positive outcome. Notice when things are working or positive change is occurring, however small these steps may seem.
Consistency, follow through and patience increases the chances that your efforts will pay off. Try some of the following and help Aggressive Behavior Children.
- Avoid Physical Punishment: Harsh, punitive punishment is associated with aggressive behavior in children. Remember parents and other adults are role models for their children. If parents respond with aggression, their children are likely to do the same.
- So be a good role model: Model appropriate emotional control and the management of angry feelings. Teach your children how to express their emotions — good and bad. This includes appropriate anger management techniques. Model assertiveness and appropriate problem-solving skills. Be the kind of person you hope your children will grow up to be. Parents, who are verbally or physically aggressive with each other, promote aggression in their children.
- Reward Appropriate, Non-Aggressive Behaviors: When you notice your child behaving in an appropriate and non-aggressive manner, notice and commend her behavior. Tell her how proud you are. Also say something like, “You must be proud of yourself.” Children need to know their parents are proud of them. They also need to develop an internal sense of pride in themselves.
- Behavioral Contracts and Goal Setting: Let your child know exactly what behavior is expected and what behavior is not. Work with him to set goals for improved behavior. Write a contract based on these goals. Develop a chart to track the child’s behavior on a daily basis. Provide positive reinforcement (e.g. a special treat, outing or special time with a parent to enjoy a favorite activity or just time having fun or playing together).
- Avoid Reinforcement of Aggressive Behavior: Teachers and parents may inadvertently reinforce aggressive behavior through attention. Nagging or punishing children for acting aggressively can reinforce aggressive behavior. Some children feel that any attention is better than no attention. Consequently, negative attention can reinforce aggressive behavior. Praise, even the smallest attempt at appropriate behavior. Do your best to ignore negative behavior.
- Adopt a Warm, Supportive, Assertive Parenting Style: Avoid parenting patterns that contribute to aggression in children (e.g. authoritarian, controlling, harsh or coercive parenting style; permissive, overindulgent parenting style; rejecting parenting style).
- Teach your Children Appropriate Behavioral Skills and Model these Yourself: For example, assertiveness, problem solving and decision making skills. Aggressive behavior children also need help to develop their social and conflict resolution skills. Teach them to control their impulses so they do not lash out without considering the consequences.
- Perspective taking and Reinterpretation of Situations: Aggressive behavior children often perceive or attribute hostile intent where none was intended. It often helps to encourage these children to reinterpret and consider alternative reasons for an individual’s behavior. Encourage the aggressive child to take the perspective of others, including those he has hurt and those who he perceives have wronged him.
- Role Play and Consider Alternatives to Aggression: Aggressive behavior children may benefit from opportunities to role play or consider alternatives to aggressive behavioral reactions. When they behave aggressively help the child to talk the problem through. Encourage them to consider alternative solutions and to engage in these the next time this occurs. Sometimes it helps to ask children, especially younger children to draw alternative solutions to the conflicts they face.
- Anger Management: Talk openly with your child about emotions. Help them to express their feelings in an appropriate and healthy manner and consider appropriate ways to handle anger.
- Enhance Your Parenting Skills: Take parenting courses, refer to relevant books, or seek professional support to help you enhance your parenting skills and move toward the kind of parenting style that works.
- Eliminate underlying stresses and anxieties: These may contribute to stress and inhibit the child’s ability to cope.
- A Brief Time Out: After the aggressive outburst provide a brief time out for both you and the child. This can help calm both of you down before you discuss the aggressive behavior with your child and decide what the consequences will be. Place the child in a quiet room or on a chair in the corner (1 minute per year of age is often recommended). Make sure the time out spot does not reward the child.
Children Who Lack Empathy
If your child lacks empathy or concern for the people he has hurt or if he hurts and is cruel to animals seek professional help. Similarly if your child’s aggression appears extreme and out of control at home or at school, or both, professional support is strongly recommended.
If your child’s behaviors are extreme or out of control seek the support of a child psychologist or other mental health professional.
Or visit your local library or book store and find resources to help you with the specific child problem that concerns you. You can also return to our home page and explore our site for articles and resources that can help you, help aggressive behavior children.
Dr. O'Connor runs her practice, in Toronto (Yonge & St.Clair.)
She can be reached at 416-592-0838.
You can also contact Dr. O'Connor by email.
Dr. O'Connor is the author of I Can Be Me-A Helping Book for Children of Alcoholic Parents.